Friday, August 2, 2013

NewBorn - NeoNate

Neonatology Lecture Notes




























Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, February 2009











Source and copyright:Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

 

 

Newborn presentations

Contents:

01. physical examination of the newborn.
02. Estimation of gestational age ...
03. Physiology of. organ adaptation. after birth.
04. Postnatal adaptation 05. Fetal circulation
06. Neonatal circulation
07. Characteristics of hemodynamics
08. Characteristics of lung function
09. Kidney development

Newborn and infant murmurs

Newborn and Infants Murmurs ....
No adverse physiology.
VSD, small to moderate. PDA, small to moderate.
ASD. Coarctation of aorta, ... balloon dilation.

Common Disorders and Management in NewbornPhysiology

– RBCs have shortened life span.
– Erythrocyte precursors degrade post birth ....
---Train birth attendants to identify problems in the newborn, ...


Distinguishing Characteristics of Neonatal

Distinguishing Characteristics of Neonatal Physiology.
High oxygen consumption;
Dependence on heart rate to maintain CO and BP;
Large extracellular fluid ...



Saturday, June 18, 2011

ENT MNEMONICS

contraindications of stapedectomy-(I POD)

I-Infections in ext/middle ear
P-perforation should be closed first
O-only hearing ear is a contraindication
D-deafness (sensorineural)
SEQUELAE OF CSOM-
O-CART
Ossicular necrosis
Cholesterol granuloma
Atrophic tympanic membrane and atelactatic middle ear
Retraction pockets and cholesteatoma
Tympanosclerosis
D/D OF ACUTE TONSILLITIS
MADI LoVe MAT
M-membranous tosillitis
A-agranulocytosis
D-diphtheria
I-infectious mononucleosis
L-ludwig's angina
V-Vincents angina
M-malignancy
A-aphthous ulcer
T-tonsillar cleft

D/D of membrane over the tonsil

We Mainly Discuss At Length About Membrane In Tonsil
We - Vincent's angina
Mainly - Malignancy
Discuss - Diptheria
At - Agranulocytosis
Length - Leukemia
About - Apthous ulcers
Membrane - Membranous Tonsillitis
In - Infectious mononucleosis
Tonsil - Traumatic ulcer

Gradenigo's triad

EAR

E-Ear discharge
A-Abducens palsy
R-Retro orbital pain(5th nerve involved)

indications of tympanoplasty- 
ABCDES
A- age should be above 10yrs when sufficient resistance develops
B- benign (tubotympanic disease) can be corrected
C- conductive deafness can corrected
D- dry perforation gives best results
E- eustachian tube should be functioning properly
S- stapes should be mobile
Gradenigo's triad

EAR

Quote:
E-Ear discharge
A-Abducens palsy
R-Retro orbital pain(5th nerve involved)


one more mneumonic dor D/D of membrane over tonsillitis:
M2-VIDAAL (form Widal test for Typhoid)
It is: 
- Membranous tonsillitis
- Malignancy
- Vincent's angina
- Infectious mononucleosis
- Diptheria
- Apthous ulcers
- Agranulocytosis
- Ludwig's angina
T
: Trauma




causes of SNHL.

1.Congenital
-Prenatal factors
-Paranatal factors

2.Acquired

Nakshatra Makes FANSI TOPS
N-Noise induced HL
M-Meniere's dz
F-Familial Prog HL
A-Ac. NEUROMA
N-Noise Induce HL
S-Sudden HL
I-Infections
T-Trauma to labyrinth/VIIITH nv
O-Ototoxic drugs
P-Presbyacusis
S-Systemic Dz.






Sequelae of Otitis media

SCALP COST

S-SNHL
C-Cholesteatoma
A-Atelectasis
L-Learning Disability
P-Perforation of TM
C-Conductive HL
O-Ossicular Necrosis
S-Speech Impairment
T-Tympanosclerosis


Local Causes of Epistaxis
Indians Drink FANTA

I-Infections
D-DNS
F-Foreign body
A-Atmospheric



N-NeoplasmsT-Traumatic
A-Allergic







Etiology of Submuous Fibrosis.

STAMINA

S-Socio-economic ststus
T-Tobacco
A-Areca Nuts
M-Multifactorial
I-Immmune process
N-Nutritional
A-Alcohol


Functions of Tracheostomy

VIP BAR

V-Ventilation (Improves alveolar)
I-IPPR
P-Protects the airways
B-Breathing (alternative pathway)
A-Administer Anesthesia
R-Removal of secretions
Credits goes to original author.





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